The Five Offerings Of Levitucs Part 8: The Sin Offering

Sin Offering: Korban Khatta’at [קרבן חטאת]
Leviticus 4:1-7
“Now the Lord spoke to Moses, saying, “Speak to the children of Israel, saying: ‘If a person sins unintentionally against any of the commandments of the Lord in anything which ought not to be done, and does any of them, if the anointed priest sins, bringing guilt on the people, then let him offer to the Lord for his sin which he has sinned a young bull without blemish as a sin offering. He shall bring the bull to the door of the tabernacle of meeting before the Lord, lay his hand on the bull’s head, and kill the bull before the Lord.
The priest shall dip his finger in the blood and sprinkle some of the blood seven times before the Lord, in front of the veil of the sanctuary.  And the priest shall put some of the blood on the horns of the altar of sweet incense before the Lord, which is in the tabernacle of meeting; and he shall pour the remaining blood of the bull at the base of the altar of the burnt offering, which is at the door of the tabernacle of meeting. 

Now we come to the sin offerng.  This is a new subject in God’s mind because it says, “Now the LORD spoke to Moses, saying…” indicating a new category.  This phrase doesn’t appear at the beginning of chapters 2 & 3.

In the order of His book, God place this one 4th, further away from Him, than the Burnt Offering, so to speak.  You see, He doesn’t want to see or be reminded of our sins; He wants to see us in the beauties, glories and excellencies of His Son.

Unlike the Burnt Offering, Grain Offering and Peace Offering, the Sin and Tresspass offerings are not a sweet-smelling aroma.  They are both shadows of Jesus on the cross when He was carrying our sins.

Unintentional Sins.
God said, “If a person sins unintentionally against any of the commandments of the Lord in anything which ought not to be done, and does any of them…”  Since all sin in actually intentional, we must look at the Hebrew word itself for clarity.
The word for unintentional in Hebrew is the word “Shegagah.”  It is also translated as “inadvertently, through ignorance, unawares.”
“Aren’t all sins intentional,” you ask?  Yes, they are.  But many times, we know that we have or are committing sins but, actually, there is ignorance there.  We don’t fully understand “why” we are doing whatever it is we are doing.  There are deep-seated reasons of which we are “unaware.”  In that regard, they are done “inadvertently, through ignorance and unawares.”
What About Hebrews 10?
But what about Hebrews 10,” you ask?  Good question.  Can believers commit a sin from which they cannot be redeemed?  No, no, no!  Throughout all Paul’s letters to the Church, he never mentioned a sin that was unpardonable.  Not once!  If there such a sin existed, he certainly should have said something, shouldn’t he?
I suggest to you that if you’ve been taught that believers can commit a sin that is unpardonable, there is a very good chance that teacher or preacher is misunderstand something.  That is another whole subject in and of itself.  Rather than discuss the whole thing here, however, please refer to the link below for more information:
JESUS SAT DOWN.
The sin offering (Jesus) covers all those offenses!  In the case of ancient Israel, they had to offer sacrifices repeatedly.  Their priests never sat down because their word was never done.  But our perfect sacrifice, Jesus, when He had offered one sacrifice for sins FOREVER, SAT DOWN.  He finished the work!
Hebrew 10:11-13

“And every priest stands ministering daily and offering repeatedly the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins. But this Man, after He had offered ONE sacrifice for sins FOREVER, sat down at the right hand of God, from that time waiting till His enemies are made His footstool. For by one offering He has perfected forever those who are being sanctified.”

Categories Of Sin.
There are four categories or levels of sin based on a person’s position in Israel:
#1) The anointed priest
#2)  The whole congregation
#3) A leader in Israel who is not of the priesthood
#4) An individual member of the congregation.
Valuation Of Offenses.
A person’s position determined the valuation of the offense plus the type and gender of animal that must be offered, whether anointed priest, the whole congregation, a leader, or an individual Israelite.  The greater the position or influence, the greater the valuation of the of the sin and the more costly the offering required.  Remember, these are all types and shadows.  It shows to us that In God’s eyes, there are degrees of sin.

This is corroborated by Jesus Himself Who said to Pilate, ““You could have no power at all against Me unless it had been given you from above. Therefore the one who delivered Me to you has the greater sin.” John 19:11
The most costly offering, of course, was the largest animal: The bullock.  Sheep and goats were less expensive, and doves even less and a handful of flour the least costly of all.  Female animals were the least expensive in their economy.

Anointed Priests.
The anointed priest offered a bullock without spot.  The LORD said he must “bring the bull to the door of the tabernacle of meeting before the Lord, lay his hand on the bull’s head, and kill the bull before the Lord.
The priest shall dip his finger in the blood and sprinkle some of the blood seven times before the Lord, in front of the veil of the sanctuary.  And the priest shall put some of the blood on the horns of the altar of sweet incense before the Lord, which is in the tabernacle of meeting; and he shall pour the remaining blood of the bull at the base of the altar of the burnt offering, which is at the door of the tabernacle of meeting.”

Meaning Of Numbers.
Seven is the number of perfection or completeness in the Bible.  His sprinkling of the blood seven times gives him perfect standing before God.  He must also put blood onthe horns of the altar of incense and pour the remaining blood at the base of the altar.
Horns speak of authority.  There were 4 horns on the corners of the altar just as Jesus’ cross had 4 corners.  This signifies that Jesus’ sacrifice on the cross is effective for North, South, East and West of the whole world.

(For more on the meaning of numbers in the Bible, follow this link:  https://emmausroadministries.wordpress.com/2016/03/20/bible-numerics/)


Beautiful Pictures Of Jesus In The Fat, Kidney And Liver.
God goes on to say in verses 8-10, ” He (the priest) shall take from it (the bullock) all the fat of the bull as the sin offering. The fat that covers the entrails and all the fat which is on the entrails, 9 the two kidneys and the fat that is on them by the flanks, and the fatty lobe attached to the liver above the kidneys, he shall remove, 10 as it was taken from the bull of the sacrifice of the peace offering; and the priest shall burn them on the altar of the burnt offering.”

Sound familiar?  It should if you have been following along this series.  All the fat, which is the best part, depicts all of Jesus’ perfections.  They were burnt on the altar as God’s portion.  Please refer back to the Burnt offering part (7) for the whole story. 

Difference The Burnt Offering And The Sin Offering.
Here is where the sin offering differs from the Burnt offering:
“But the bull’s hide and all its flesh, with its head and legs, its entrails and offal—  the whole bull he shall carry outside the camp to a clean place, where the ashes are poured out, and burn it on wood with fire; where the ashes are poured out it shall be burned.”
Leviticus 4:11-12

Offal.
In the case of the Burnt Offering where the entrails, head and legs were washed, there is no mention of “offal,” which is the animal’s dung.  Dung depicts our sins.  In the sin offering, the hide, legs, entrails and offal were taken outside the camp and burned until it became ashes.

Jesus died OUTSIDE the walls of Jerusalem.  He carried our sins which were COMPLETELY burned up until they were ALL GONE in the fires of God’s judgment!  That is why Paul could state with absolute certainty that “There is therefore NOW NO CONDEMNATION for those who are in Christ Jesus!”  HALLELUJAH!!!

Corporate Sin. 
If the congregation as a whole sinned against God, the sin offering also must be a bullock.  That is how serious it is to be a leader of God’s people to Him.  The valuation of the one priest’s offense is equal to that of the whole congregation.  The procedure for offering the bullock is the same as described above for the priest.

This, again, clearly shows you that there truly are degrees of sin.  Yes, Jesus’ blood covers them all, but God does consider some sins as more egregious than others.  We not only have the personal testimony from Jesus Himself when He said to Pilate, “You could have no power at all against Me unless it had been given you from above. Therefore the one who delivered Me to you has the greater sin.”  John 19:11

Leaders Of Israel.
If a leader in Israel sinned, God said “he shall bring as his offering a kid of the goats, a male without blemish. And he shall lay his hand on the head of the goat, and kill it at the place where they kill the burnt offering before the Lord. It is a sin offering.”

This was someone who was not a member of the priesthood, such as a tribal leader or a ranking officer in the army.  The blood, once again, was put on the horns of the altar of burnt offerings and all the other procedures are the same.

Common People.
If an average Israelite sinned against the LORD, “he shall bring as his offering a kid of the goats, a female without blemish, for his sin which he has committed. And he shall lay his hand on the head of the sin offering, and kill the sin offering at the place of the burnt offering.”

If the person could not afford a goat, there was provision for that:  “If he brings a lamb as his sin offering, he shall bring a female without blemish.”  Again, it was to be a female.

According to Leviticus 12, if the person was very poor, they could bring either two pigeons or two turtle doves; one for a burnt offering and one for a sin offering.

This animal was of lesser value that all the others mentioned above.  The same procedures for the other offerings are exactly the same.

But if the person was so poor, the LORD said, “But if he is not able to bring two turtledoves or two young pigeons, then he who sinned shall bring for his offering one-tenth of an ephah of fine flour as a sin offering. He shall put no oil on it, nor shall he put frankincense on it, for it is a sin offering.”

Wow!  Can’t afford two birds, borrow some flour from your neighbor.  No oil (the Holy Spirit) or frankincense (Jesus in His priestly role) are added to it.  This at least depicts Jesus Who is the Bread of Life.  As long as you brought to God something that reminded Him of His Son, He would receive it and forgive you of your sins.

Isn’t God good?  No matter what sin you have committed or what your position in the body of Christ, whether a pastor, a leader or a common person, the same Jesus is effectual for all their sins.  God wants everyone to be forgiven of all their sins!

Thank you, Jesus, for taking our place on the cross!  We are forever grateful to You, our Sin Offering!
Please proceed to Part 9 to discuss the Trespass Offering.  Follow this link:

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